Home » The Historic Railroad Buildings of Albuquerque Part 4

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The Historic Railroad Buildings of Albuquerque Part 4

An Assessment of Significance
Chris Wilson

Industrial Monuments
The one conservative feature in the shops’ design is their reinforced concrete facades which could have easily (and more inexpensively) been treated as glass curtain walls like the north and south sides. (However, even the revolutionary Ford Glass Plant of the same period continues to use brick cladding on its base where the less expensive corrugated metal used above would have done just as well,) The steel frame of the Albuquerque shops stands behind and integrated into the concrete facades. Since the concrete is structurally redundant, these facades facing the town and the tracks can only be understood as examples of corporate pride. The interiors are single story spaces from thirty to fifty-seven feet tall; in contrast, the facade piers and spandrels (recessed horizontal panels) form a grid which harkens back to the the multi-story, reinforced concrete factories commonly built between 1905 and 1920. These spandrels were omitted from the otherwise similar facades of the San Bernardino shops, built 1924, which gave them a more vertical, Art Deco appearance.

Nevertheless, the predominant style of the facades, both at Albuquerque and San Bernardino, is an abstracted Neo-classicism: plain concrete piers extend up to a simple bracketed cornice topped by a pediment frieze with a recessed Santa Fe company emblem. The clear order and rationality implied by Neo-classicism was the natural compliment to the standardization and rigorous efficiency of steel frame buildings and of modern industry. The handful of locomotive shops, with their austere classical styling, rise above the normal, purely functional buildings to become the industrial monuments of the Santa Fe Railway. (18)

Fire Station
The only other Albuquerque shop building with architectural pretensions is the Fire Station, built in 1920, Its rough-faced, random ashlar, brown sandstone walls, its crenellated parapet, asymmetrical tower and tile accents give it an unusual, rustic Mediterranean appearance, This departure from the Santa Fe’s normal modes–functional concrete and California Mission style–may have stemmed from a desire to complement the old Atlantic and Pacific division offices which then stood next to the fire station site. It is the oldest remaining fire station in the city and one of the most accomplished picturesque revival buildings erected in the city during the 1920s. (19)

Decline of Steam Locomotives These would be the last great railroad buildings erected in Albuquerque. Traffic peaked on the Santa Fe in the 1920s, dropped sharply in the 1930s because of the Depression and the rise of the automobile and trucking, and recovered only temporarily during the Second World War. In 1935, the Santa Fe began experimenting with diesel engines which would prove to be more economical to operate, run longer distances and require less frequent maintenance than steam locomotives. Because of the difficulties it had always had supplying steam locomotives with coal and water on its western lines, the Santa Fe became a leader in the conversion to diesel. The Second World War halted the purchase of new engines and the Albuquerque shops experienced a final peak of activity with a record 1,500 workers. The switch to diesel was resumed after the war; 1,261 new engines were purchased by 1952 and the last steam engine was retired from the Santa Fe in 1956. At the end of the war, San Bernardino and Cleburne were chosen for the centralized diesel locomotive shops. In 1953, the Albuquerque shops became the central facility for repairs of equipment for the maintenance of the rail lines. This function substantially underutilizes the shops, requiring only 200 employees, The Roundhouse was used until recently for storage, but now stands empty. (20)

Part 5

Yeida Anderson
I took my son yesterday and the employees were so nice, we got greet by the resident dog Gus so handsome, thank you to the employee in charge of the model trains that took the time to speak with my son about trains. Everything was excellent.
Yeida Anderson
2022-07-13
Robert Oberer
One of the docents took a lot of time showing us around !ND took us and the kids for a train ride.
Robert Oberer
2022-07-05
Lupita Montoya
Wonderful fun place to learn and see old vintage machinery and photos and you can get a train ride! ❤️
Lupita Montoya
2022-07-02
D M
Don't miss this museum! Best kept secret...
D M
2022-06-19
Donald Gallegos
Must see in Albuquerque
Donald Gallegos
2022-06-14
Henryk Sloma
An eclectic collection of transportation vehicles. Wonderful staff
Henryk Sloma
2022-06-12
KatieMaybeKatie
There is a lot to see in this museum! The volunteer staff was so nice and friendly, our 5-year-old son really loved it. Be sure to bring dog treats for the friendly resident dog, Gus!
KatieMaybeKatie
2022-06-09
Jehania
Very friendly staff. My niece loved the train ride and learning about all the different types of transportation. Go if you get the chance.
Jehania
2022-06-03
Zzzz
Nice museum, lots o' wheels!
Zzzz
2022-05-30
Reviews

Events

CELL PHONE PHOTO CLASS with Irene Fertik, Professional Photographer Monday, October 17 at 10 AM - noon. Suggested Donation is $20. RSVP: (505) 243-6269 More

WHEELS Sponsored Amtrak Las Vegas Trip October 21-23 Join the WHEELS museum for a scenic fall group trip to historic Las Vegas, NM. Reservation deadline is September 30. RSVP: (505) 243-6269 More

Revisiting the Diverse Men and Women Workers of the Albuquerque Railyard presentation by Cecelia Navarrete. Saturday, October 29 10-11:30 AM at WHEELS Museum. RSVP is a must: (505) 243-6269. Admission is free; donations are gratefully accepted. More

Jazz Music Events
Featuring some of the top Jazz live music acts in the Southwest, the "Jazz on WHEELS" series begins in October and runs through the end of December. The WHEELS Museum has partnered with local events production company Mariposa Music,, to utilize the power of music to benefit the museum. The Jazz on WHEELS performance will begin at 2pm on selected Sundays. Visit mariposamusicrocks.com for more information.